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14 Must-Have Features: Tips for Buying a Good Diabetic Shoe


People who are diabetic often have circulation problems in their feet and in this case it is very important to have a shoe specifically designed to improve your circulation. Diabetic shoes are far much different from ordinary shoes which may not need a lot of attention when buying them. It is very important that you be keen when picking your shoes to ensure that you feel comfortable and it helps relief pain. The shoes should be fitting and match the shape the shape of your feet. Choosing your shoes carefully eliminates calluses, sores, blisters, and neuropathy which are deemed to be dangerous for a diabetic.

In this article, I have tried to narrow down the things you should look for when buying your diabetic shoes. This will help you find shoes that will properly fit you with ease and within a short time. These kind of shoes are affordable and helps in caring your shoes.

Tips for Buying a Diabetic Shoe: 14 Must-Have Features

1.Spacious toe box – the shoe should be spacious enough to enable your toes to move freely. This helps prevent infections often caused by rubbing between the shoe and the toes hence boost blood circulation and eradicate development of wounds.

2. Flexible material – the kind of material used to make your shoe determines how comfortable you feel. In this case shoes made of canvas, leather or suede can be perfect.

3. Easy to put on – buying slip–on diabetic slippers for swollen feet is often ideal if they are steady in proving enough support. In case the shoe must have laces then ensure there are holes and hooks for you to be able to tie the shoe with ease and loosen in case of a swelling.

4. Removable padded insoles – the insoles should be removable to enable you alter them or be able to use orthotic inserts for comfort of your feet. Padded insoles also ensures reduction of pressure on foot sole.

5. They should match your feet’s natural arch – lacking arch support might lead to bursting of your feet’s blood vessels which is very dangerous. More often in the case where you can’t feel your feet the condition elevates since you may not be able to detect any pain thus such shoes will help in eradicating that.

6. Shock-absorbing sole – a good diabetic shoe should possess this in order to aid in relieving pressure at the bottom of your feet.

7. The shoes must be fitting properly – ensure that your shoes fit right to avoid having too small or too big shoes. Too small shoe squeezes your foot hence poor circulation while too big shoes may lead to developing scrapes and blisters.

8. Lightweight shoes – these kind of shoes are advisable as it enables your feet to move freely, breath and blood to be able to circulate well.

9. Breathable upper – leather and other synthetics helps eliminate moisture which creates a warm environment for infections and bacteria to thrive in.

10. Deep interior and wider footbed – having a deep interior enables you to put inserts for cushioning shoes inserts for comfort while wide footbed accommodates a swollen foot.

11. Seamless interior – a shoe with a raised seam causes foot irritation and friction which may lead to developing wounds and other infections. Reversed or lined seams are good.

12. Closed design–this protects your feet from any small stones or dirt which can lead to developing wounds and infections especially when walking outside the house and you can’t feel your feet.

13. Low heel – wearing high heels puts pressure on your heels hence leading to ulcers and calluses. The heel should not exceed 2 inches and it should be wide.

14. Shoe lacing – a shoe with lace is the best as it gives you the control of adjusting it to ensure it fits well. You can be able to the upper part of your shoes to ensure it fits well especially when your feet swell.

Note: It is important to own a diabetic foot massager to help your foot relax and surge the circulation of blood in your foot. It will also help to relieve pain and ensure you sleep well.

Type of shoes to avoid

  • Never wear any shoes with no arch support to avoid breakdown of your feet’s tissues
  • Non- fitting shoes should be avoided to prevent any harm on your feet. They should not be too small or too big but rather fitting well.
  • Shoes which have a pointed toe is not good as this may raise your toes restricting circulation
  • If you must wear heels, ensure that it has a round-toe style and the heels are not more than 2 inches but more than that must be avoided.
  • Slip-on loafers cover a small part on top and its support is inadequate, thus, making them unfit. These may also cause friction due to rigid and unpadded leather. Unless you plan to wear them inside then they are not ideal.

Never wear any shoes with no arch support to avoid breakdown of your feet’s tissues

Best Tips for shopping

  • Always shop during afternoons since your feet will be swollen then and it will help you find the best fitting shoes that will accommodate your feet when swollen.
  • Try it before buying to ensure that it fits well since your feet may vary in size.
  • Have someone go shopping with you to enable you wear and tie your shoes.


Diabetic shoes have been designed to fit well regardless of the shape of your foot. They are able to reduce pain, therefore, reducing damage on your foot and makes you feel comfortable walking or even when at work. It reduces shock on the bottom of your feet by having special designed insoles.  Putting on these kind of shoes helps eliminate sores and blisters which are always dangerous. If you are diabetic or have any foot problem, we advise that you wear diabetic shoes and socks as they will help you live a healthy and pain-free life. 

Best Diabetic Diet: 10 Foods that Helps you to Control your Blood Sugar


Eating a well-balanced diet is essential for controlling neuropathy and keeping your nerves healthy. Having the best peripheral diet is a great defense to avoid many ailments such as peripheral neuropathy. It is true that you cannot reverse peripheral neuropathy, however, taking and avoiding some foods is a better way to keep your body in check. Also, it helps to avoid further damage of the nerves, and cure nerve pain.

A lot of people want to know how to lower blood sugar? I would say, have your insulin, avoid stress, and check on your diabetic diet. It is hard to figure out what best foods to take while you have diabetes so as to keep your blood sugar managed and the blood pressure low. Also, wear socks and slippers for diabetics that keeps your foot healthy. Here are recommended foods that will ensure you live healthy and reduce the nerve pain in your body.

10 Recommended Foods that controls your blood sugar

Healthy Food For a Healthy Life!

1. Fatty Fish

Fatty fish is among the healthiest food on this world. Species of fish such as salmon, mackerel, herring, and anchovies are sources of Omega-3 Fatty Acids EPA and DH that benefits the health of the heart. How is this significant for diabetics? Getting enough of the little fat regularly is vital for diabetics who have an increased risk of stroke and heart ailment. Also, a fish is a great source of high-quality proteins that helps you feel full and enhances the rate of metabolic activities.

EPA and DHA safeguard the cells that line your blood vessels reducing the possibility of inflammation and enhance the way your arteries function after taking meals. It has been observed that individuals who regularly east fish have a lesser hazard of heart failure and are less probable to die from heart ailments.

Research has found that older people who consume fatty fish 5-7 days per week for 8 weeks vital declines in inflammatory makers and triglycerides. Other foods with good fat choices or have a little fat include avocado and olive oil.

2. Eggs

Eggs offer incredible health benefits and help to ensure you’re full for hours. Regular intake of eggs may lessen heart ailments risks in various ways. The eggs reduces inflammation, enhances insulin sensitivity, and help to shape your cholesterol level. It is necessary that you eat the whole egg especially the yolk that has nutrition values.

In a research study, individuals with type 2 diabetes who consumed 2 eggs on a daily basis as fraction of a high-protein diet had enhanced blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Also, eggs contain zeaxanthin and lutein antioxidants that guard the eyes from ailments.

3. Leafy Greens

Leafy greens vegetables are low in calories and exceptionally nutritious. It is important to go beyond your ordinary salad and try spinach, kale, and chard. Kale, spinach, and other leafy greens are high-quality source of numerous minerals and vitamins such as vitamin C.

Increase in Vitamin C consumption lessens inflammatory markers and high blood sugar levels for people with high blood pressure or type 2 diabetes. Additionally, the leafy greens are good sources of the zeaxanthin and antioxidants lutein. The antioxidants guard your eyes from cataracts and macular degeneration that are general diabetes complications.

4. Chia

Chia seeds are some of the perfect food for diabetic individuals. The seeds should be in the diabetic diet menu because there are exceptionally high in fiber but they’re low in digestible carbs. The Chia seeds contain fiber that doesn’t raise your blood sugar. Studies show that viscous fiber contained in Chia seeds can really lower your blood sugar levels as it slows down the rate that food moves through your gut and get absorbed.

Also, Chia seeds help you to achieve a recommended weight as the fiver lessens starvation making you to feel full. Additionally, fiber lessens the quantity of calories you take up from other diabetic food consumed at the same meal. The other advantage is that Chia seeds help to lessen inflammatory markers and blood pressure all which are important in managing diabetes.

5. Turmeric

Turmeric is a spice that has a dominant health benefits. The spice has an active ingredient called curcumin that can lower your blood sugar and lower inflammation that reduces the risk of heart and kidney diseases. It is important that you ensure you consume turmeric with piperine so as to boost its absorption as it is not absorbed well on its own.

6. Nuts

Why are nuts a good additional to a diabetes diet plan? Nuts help to lessen blood sugar, LDL levels, and insulin. The nuts are nutritious and delicious. You can try nuts such as macadamia, walnuts, and almonds.

Macadamia Nuts

Studies have shown that regular consumption of nuts lowers blood sugar and lessen inflammation. Another study has shown that individuals with diabetes who take in 30 grams of walnuts in their every day diet for a year experienced weight loss, significant decrease in insulin levels, and had great improvement in their body composition.

7. Broccoli

Broccoli is a very nutritious vegetable. It is a low-carb and low-calorie food with high nutrition worth and can protect you against numerous ailments. Broccoli helps to lower your insulin levels and guard cells from harmful free radicals that are created during metabolism. Also, it is another great source of zeaxanthin and lutein that are significant antioxidants that assist to prevent eye ailment.

8. Whole-Grain

It is important that you consume whole-grain food that has high fiber content. It is important not to select the wrong foods or over eating the grains. Try to eat whole-grain legumes such as peas, dried beans, and lentils. Alternatively, you can prepare a meal of corn salsa and black bean with your raw vegetables.

9. Protein

The proteins that are good for diabetes includes lean meats, cottage cheese, Greek yoghurt, and eggs. Also, some peanut butter on a celery stick offers a good mix of protein and fat for healthy and satisfying snack.

10. Strawberries

The strawberries are nutritious fruits that have low-sugar and have strong anti-inflammatory features that may help to lessen heart ailment risk. They also contain anthocyanins that give the fruits the red color. The anthocynins reduces insulin and cholesterol levels after each meal. In case of type 2 diabetes, the strawberries assist to improve the blood sugar and lessen heart ailment risk factors.

6 Foods and Items to avoid with Neuropathy

Neuropathy is an ailment that damages your nerves and causes pain in various parts of the body such as feet. The following foods also worsen your neuropathy condition and need to be avoided.

1.Sugar and refined grains – You should avoid sugar and refined grains as the cause a quick spike in blood sugar. High blood sugar is the main cause of nerve damage. Thus, you must be able to manage your blood sugar so as to stop any further damage of your nerve.

2. Gluten – Avoid gluten if you have diabetes or neuropathy. Always, ensure you take care of gluten-free foods that are pre-package as they usually contain added sugars that may be dangerous for your health. They include barley, wheat, oats, rye, and related food.

3. Salty Foods – Always avoid high-salt food that can increase your blood pressure and worsen your condition. The salty snacks like chips and pretzels should be avoided.

4. Artificial Sweeteners – The synthetic sweetener are found in diet and sodas can prompt neuropathy signs by escalating the sensitivity of the nerves.

5. Alcohol – If you’re diabetic it may cause neuropathy as it is toxic and damages the nerves. If you already have diabetes, alcohol will worsen your health situation. Also, alcohol causes a deficiency in nutritional that can worsen symptoms of neuropathy. Additionally, avoid or quit smoking at all cost. Also, buy a massager for diabetics to help improve the health of your foot.

6. Saturated Fats – Avoid dairy and fatty red meats that increase inflammation that can harm your nerves and aggravate diabetes.

Also Stay away from:

  • Canned meats
  • Boxed mixes of pasta
  • Rice and potatoes
  • Canned vegetables and soups
  • Processed foods such as sausage and bacon

5 things to observe if you have peripheral neuropathy

  • Eat well and never skip a meal
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Avoid stress
  • Take care of your feet by wearing recommended shoes, socks, and always monitor your legs.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol

Why you should avoid soda if you have diabetes?

Individuals with diabetes should avoid drinking beverage that contains sugar such as soda as it will raise your blood glucose very fast and add hundreds of calories in just one serving. If you feel the urge of drinking a soda, you can take a diet soda as it has zero carbohydrates and your blood glucose levels would not be increased in the short-term but not very recommended in the long-run.

I would advise that you get used to drinking water, coffee, unsweetened teas, and diet soda as they have either low-calorie or they’re completely calorie free. If you need some flavor in your drink, you can try flavoring the water with some lime juice or a squeeze of lemon. The best thing is that artificial sweeteners such as a squeeze of lemon would not in the short-term raise your blood sugar levels.

Can diabetics drink coke zero?

There have been numerous research on diet coke and diabetes blood sugar. Diet soda has been found to have links to gaining weight and metabolic syndrome that can make diabetes to worsen and risk of it developing. Also, some sweeteners in diet sugar can result in an insulin spike in the blood that can worsen the sensitivity of insulin over time and ultimately increase the levels of blood sugar.

Smoking and Diabetic Neuropathy: Can Smoking cause Neuropathy?



Diabetes is an ailment that occurs after the blood sugar or blood glucose levels in your body are higher than normal. If the high blood sugar level for a diabetic patient is not controlled, it can damage the nerves and this can slowly develop into a condition called diabetic neuropathy. The nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy) is irreversible but the condition can be well managed. However, you will require to adjust your lifestyle by quitting smoking and wearing diabetic footwear such as slippers even when you’re indoors.

How is Smoking and Diabetes related?

If you’re a smoker, you’re at a risk of getting diabetes. If you already have diabetes and you continue smoking, you’re at a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes and also getting diabetic neuropathy. The toxic chemicals in the cigarette smoke attack the blood vessels contributing to hardening of the arteries that impairs the capacity of blood to carry oxygen all over the body.

Just what is the connection between smoking cigarettes and peripheral neuropathy?

A combination of smoking and high blood pressure increases damage the blood vessels that feed the heart, eyes, kidney, legs, and other body parts resulting to long-term complications of diabetes such as peripheral neuropathy. Smoking can also cause:

  • Kidney and heart ailment
  • Poor flow of blood in the feet, arms, and legs that can cause ulcers, infections, and even amputation. The best foot and leg massager for diabetics can help improve the flow of blood in your feet.
  • Fertility issues
  • Risk of cancer
  • Teeth loss and gum disease
  • Retinopathy (it is an eye ailment that can result in blindness)

Diabetic Foot Neuropathy: Why your foot won’t feel when you continue smoking

The most common pain as a result of neuropathy is diabetic foot pain. The diabetic foot pain is a tingling, burning, and stabbing pain that occur in the foot as a result of the nerve problem called peripheral neuropathy. The nerve damage can deprive you of protective skin sensations and you can have circulation challenges. Further, high blood sugar and smoke can interfere or impend rapid healing as it delays the formation of new tissues necessary for healing.

It is important that patients quit smoking as a mean of eradicating bad habits and observe healthy living. The diabetic foot neuropathy is not something you would want to have as it hurts so much and gives you discomfort.

Foot Care Tips to Protect Yourself for Diabetes Patients

Diabetes can lessen blood flow to your feet and this can deprive your feet of nutrients and oxygen making it hard for sores or blisters to heal. Also, if you don’t take care of your legs, diabetes can result to nerve damage referred to as peripheral neuropathy.

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy can cause numbness or sharp pain in your feet and in the long term lead to amputation if not well controlled. This is what you should do to protect your feet to avoid the complications:

  1. Manage your blood sugar. The first step to keep healthy for any diabetes patient is to ensure that they control the blood sugar as this can reduce the diabetic foot pain and enhance your health. It means that you will be required to take insulin and talk with your doctor on ways of managing the glucose level.
  2. Check both your feet on a daily basis. It is important to regularly check on your feet and between the toes daily to ensure there are no infections and blisters that can show signs of diabetic neuropathy. If you’re not able to check your feet efficiently, you can ask for help from a family member. Ensure you trim and keep your nails clean. Also, in case you have dry and cracked heels, you can try using diabetic foot cream for dry skin to repair the damages.
  3. Clean your legs with warm water. It is advisable that you wash your feet daily with warm and not hot water. Avoid soaking your feet too long in water as waterlogged sores take time and are hard to heal. Afterward, dry your feet immediately and gently dry all the toes.
  4. Wear Shoes that fit well. The greatest and worth of investment is to wear well-fitting diabetic shoes. A misfit shoe can result in a blister that can develop to a sore that if infected will not heal. Also, wear recommended socks to protect your legs from any irritation that can be caused by shoe making materials such as leather and plastics.
  5. Don’t walk barefoot. If you’re in the house wear slippers or shoes and do not forget to put on your socks while wearing your shoes. Socks should thin socks that cushion your feet from any injury.
  6. Engage in non-impact exercise. It is advisable that you perform activities that have minimal impact in your feet such as swimming, yoga, and cycling. Always talk with your doctor before starting any workout program.
  7. Speak up. You should talk to your doctor in case you experience any trivial changes in feeling in your legs, feet, or toes. The nerve damage is usually unpredictable and even pin-and-needle sensation can be a reason to worry.

Is Smoking bad for Neuropathy? 5 Reasons you should Quit Smoking

Is smoking harmful for diabetes? Yes. Does smoking increase diabetes? Smoking worsens your diabetes condition. You should quit smoking if you have diabetes for the following reasons:

1. Smoking causes nerve challenges

A diabetic smoker is likely to develop diabetic neuropathy as compared to the non-smokers. Smoking increase your risk of developing neuropathy as it limits flow of blood and circulation causing shortage of oxygen in the nerves and body parts. The ischemic injury causes nerve problems that eventually contribute to diabetic neuropathy.

2. Smoking dries your Skin

How does nicotine affect diabetes? Nicotine greatly reduces oxygen and blood flow resulting in a dry and peeling skin that is prone to stress. The flaky skin gives a chance for fungus and bacteria to and do more harm to your body.

3. Smoking results to blood clots

Smoking results to blood clot formation that complicates the lessening of a blood vessel. The clots can aggravate foot ulcers causing a blood vessel ailment and leg infections. If the clot completely blocks the arteries that should carry blood to your legs, you can develop a smoker’s leg that can lead to amputation of the leg.

4. Smoking can surge your chances of an ulcer

Smokers with diabetes are prone to get foot ulcers and have the diabetic foot pain that makes their life complicated.

5. Delays Healing

Cigarette smoke will lead to inhalation of nicotine that delays the formation of new tissues necessary for healing.

Smoking: Why is smoking hard to quit?

I have met hundreds of people who are willing to smoke but they find it so hard to quit smoking. The reason for this is that nicotine is among the high addictive drugs. When you start smoking it changes from a lifestyle decision or habit to an addiction that changes your brain chemistry.

Nicotine normally attaches receptors in your brain and when you continue to smoke, the receptors increases in number. If a smoker quits or doesn’t smoke regularly, the receptors start to make you feel very unpleasant, a condition known as withdrawal. Due to the change in your brain chemistry, you will experience cravings and withdrawal symptoms. However, as a person living with diabetes, you need to do everything possible to stop smoking.

How to Quit Smoking: Tips of on How to Stop Smoking

The first step to stop smoking is to make the choice to quit. It can start by making a quit date within a period of two weeks. During this period, you should tell family and friends about your decision to quit smoking and prepare on quitting challenges such as cigarette cravings and nicotine withdrawal.

Use the time to collect all the information you require from pharmacist and doctor about the options to assist you to quit including medications that increases your chances of successive quitting smoking. There are over the counter products such as lozenges and nicotine patches that can help you to quit.

Lastly, remove all the tobacco and cigarette products from your car, home, and workplace. Destroy and throw away all your cigarettes, matches, ashtrays, and lighters. Ensure that you wash all your clothes, shampoo your car, steam your furniture, and freshen up item that smell like cigarette smoke.

Popular Treatment to Help You Quit Smoking

1.Nicotine replacement therapy

First, you should try to have a nicotine replacement therapy to relieve the withdrawal symptoms. This therapy can be in form of patch, gum, or inhaler. Luckily, the nicotine replacement therapy can be found in pharmacies without the need of a prescription. But before that, you should talk to your health care provider about the benefit and need of the therapy.

2. Oral Medications

There are oral medications that can assist you to quit smoking and reduce the effect of the withdrawal and smoking cravings. It is important that you talk to your doctor so that you do not interfere with other diabetic medications and cause health complications.

3. Change of Lifestyle

If you’re serious about quitting smoking is that you must change your lifestyle and way of life. I always tell my patients that if a friend is a smoker and keeping the friendship will influence you into smoking, kindly ditch the friend. If going to a party will expose you to smoking, kindly turn down the invitation. Just take a walk and have time with your family and slowly you will overcome the urge to smoke.

Also, let your family and friend know why you have decided to quit and importance of you to quit smoking. It is important to let them know how hard it is and ask for their support as you try to quit smoking. Additionally, you can join a support group that has other smokers who are trying to quit. Your doctor can be of assistance as you seek information of such groups near you.

4. Try Again

The journey of transition from a smoker to a non smoker can be tough but never give up. It is possible that you may have a slip and smoke one cigarette. If that occur, do not focus on the cigarette that you have just had but focus on hundreds you have avoided and plan on managing it the same way you manage your diabetes.

I have observed that there are people who have three unsuccessful attempts but they end up overcoming the habit and quitting for life.  So, don’t quit trying.

Frequent Asked Questions (FAQs)

Does smoking cause diabetes?

Yes it surges the risk for developing diabetes. It changes how the body processes and controls sugar from the food that you eat. A smoker is 30-40% likely to develop diabetes than nonsmokers.

Does smoking make blood sugar go up?

Yes. Smoking raises your blood sugar. If you have diabetes, you’re probably working hard to keep your blood sugar in check. If you smoke, you’re making it hard too hard to manage your blood sugar levels. Smoking makes your body more resistant to insulin that can lead to higher blood sugar levels. The unmanaged blood sugar can contribute to serious problems from diabetes and challenges with your heart, kidneys, and blood vessels.

Can quitting smoking lower your blood sugar?

Despite nicotine being a highly addictive raises the levels of A1C. If you quit smoking, it will assist significantly with controlling your blood sugar making is easier to keep it within a particular healthy range. The change can be seen about two weeks after quitting smoking. It improves oxygen levels supply in your nerves and cells helping to manage conditions such as diabetic neuropathy.

Does smoking affect diabetes 1?

Smoking affects type 1 diabetes could enhance the risk of diabetic related complications. In case you’re having type 1 diabetes or diabetes 1, you can considerably increase the complications such as kidney ailment, eye disease, heart ailment, and stroke. It has been found that smokers had a higher AIC level of 8.5 versus 7.9 of the non-smokers.

Is Chantix safe for diabetics?

Chantix is an effective anti-smoking aid compared to even nicotine replacement therapy and Zyban. It has been sometime been linked with increase blood sugar levels. It can also cause side effects like namely suicidal ideation and depressed mood.

13 Common Diabetic Foot Problems: How to Avoid Them


Over the years, diabetes is the causes of the majority of limb amputation cases. Poor circulation reduces sensation and the ability to feel pain hence leading to injuries becoming infections that if undetected early it may cause severe damage to the foot leaving amputation as the only option of treatment. Walking on sandals or barefoot when participating in outdoor activities increases risks of foot injuries which poses serious complications. Even when you’re indoors, ensure that you wear top diabetic slippers to protect your legs for possible damage.

For a patient with diabetes, it is very important to take good care of your foot. Many foot problems have been associated with poor care and may lead to serious problems. Diabetes damages your nerves and it is sometimes hard to detect any foot injury especially when you can’t feel your feet. Failure to notice such injuries earlier often leads to infections where you can end up being hospitalized or amputation when the effect is severe. Also, not wearing diabetic shoes can worsen the condition of your feet. Additionally, it is essential that you own a foot massager to help enhance the circulation of blood in your feet.

13 Common Diabetic Foot Problems

1.Neuropathy – when not controlled, it can damage the nerves or cause neuropathy hence leading to failure to feel heat or cold. You may also fail to feel injuries and cuts on the feet which if not noticed it becomes infected. It also leads to ulcers and failure of muscles to work well

2. Peripheral vascular – the flow of blood is affected leading to cuts taking long to heal. Poor blood flow also leads to development of ulcers due to failure of cuts to heal and your tissues might die.

3. Calluses – this is hard skin that develops due to the failure of the shoe to fit well leading to uneven weight distribution. Always use insoles to prevent this.

4. Athletes foot – it leads to redness, cracking and itching. The cracks attract germs hence causing infection.

5. Blisters – causes by friction between the shoe and the foot. Always wear socks and treat them if it develops to prevent infections.

6. Corn – caused by pressure on the toes by your shoes. Use a pumice stone to remove it and never cut it.

7. Nail infection– this is caused by pricking and can leave germs which may lead to infections.

Nail Infection

8. Bunions – caused by angling of bigger toe to the other. It can be painful and can lead to deformity.

9. Ingrown toenails – this is when nail edge grows to the skin due to pressure. It causes pain, infection, redness and swelling. Mostly caused by pressure from shoes and improper nail trimming.

10. Dry skin– can cause germs enter hence infections. Use moisturized lotions and soap.

11. Foot ulcers – this is a deep sore due to cuts and if not treated it can cause infections.

12. Hammertoes – this is when the toe bents resulting to restrained walking, calluses, blisters, and sores.

13. Plantar warts – similar to calluses caused from infection by virus. Seek medical advice for treatment.

As a diabetic, you can always prevent these from happening when you take good care of your foot. What to do to prevent foot problems:

How To Prevent Diabetic Foot Problems

1.Ensure your feet are clean and well dried – make sure that you wash your feet daily and wipe them well till they dry well. Between your toes is a place you should carefully dry to prevent sores from developing and infections. Cleaning of the feet also ensures that no debris which may cause infections is left on your feet. Dampness due to failure to dry your feet and between the toes well encourages fungus to breed and can lead to infections over time which may require that your toes be amputated.

2. Regular checkups – it is important that your feet are checked once per year by a podiatrist so that ifany medical attention is required; it is given on time. During summer, the chance of developing calluses and fungal infection is high and to avoid this, it is advisable that you see a podiatrist for special care. While waiting for the doctor, always take your shoes and socks off for your feet to relax.

3. Maintain glucose level – it should always be below 126mg/dl. To achieve this, you can exercise regularly and pay attention to the kind of food you eat and how regular you do so. Always get help of a nutritionist or physician concerning the diet plan that will fit you.

4. Avoid excess heat or cold – too much heat or cold is not good for your feet. Excess heat can lead to calluses and fungal infections which may lead to severe infections. When in a hot place, wear shoes and ensure your bathing water is not too hot. Avoid heating pads or hot water bottles. When cold, always wear socks for your feet to get some warmth.

5. Purchase comfortable shoes – when buying new diabetic shoes, ensure that they are fitting well to avoid too big or too small shoes which may cause calluses or blisters. The right shoes reduce blister risk, calluses and protect your feet. For new shoes, shop during the evenings when the feet are swollen to ensure it can accommodate your feet during such times then wear them for about an hour at first then increase the time as time goes to ensure your feet get used to them. Ensure to check if there are any blisters.

6. Avoid walking barefoot – whether indoors or outdoors, never walk barefoot if you are diabetic. Walking barefoot leads to foot ulcers and nail infections which is dangerous and can cause complications. Always wear shoes that are comfortable to ensure your feet are protected. Check the inner lining to make sure it is smooth and for any objects which may injure your foot. Always wear shoes with socks and avoid sandals, or shoes with straps on toes or open toes since objects may puncture the skin causing infections.

7. Your socks must be clean and fitting properly – Socks with holes or mended are not good for your feet.  Wearing padded socks often provides maximum protection. Socks helps reduce development of calluses, blisters and helps protect your feet. Socks also provides that extra cushioning hence maximum protection of your feet. Ensure that the socks you wear are clean to avoid any infections. Also, the socks must have all the features of diabetic socks.

8. Always make sure to trim toenails straight across –  this will make sure that there is no protruding toenail left which may injure your foot and also prevent you from hurting yourself while trimming them.

9. Check for injuries regularly–always check for cuts, blisters, infections, scratches and red marks mostly during summertime before putting on or after removing your shoes. You can use a mirror to see clearly or someone to help. Check for any debris before putting on your shoes. In case of change in shape, or any discomfort make sure to seek medical attention.

10. Protect feet circulation–Poor circulation can cause harm to your feet, therefore, ensure your feet are raised when sitting to improve circulation. Wiggle toes regularly and flex the feet up and down more often and avoid crossing legs while sitting. Also avoid smoking.

11. Moisturize your feet – you can use creamy and thick moisturizers to ensure your feet are hydrated and avoid having cracked heels.

12. For callus and corn removal see a doctor or a podiatrist–never resort to cutting them off yourself or using any chemical products over the counter as this may worsen the situation. Inform a health care provider about your diabetes so that you can be helped more efficiently.

When to see a doctor

-In case of swollen foot

-Change in skin color and temperature

-Painful legs

-Ingrown or infected toenails

-Open sores taking long to heal

-Dry cracks

-Calluses or corns

-Foot odor


Foot care is a very important practice to observe when you are diabetic. Failure to do so may lead to serious complications requiring severe treatment which could have otherwise been avoided if you had taken good care of them. From wearing the right shoes, socks, cleaning your feet well, avoiding walking barefoot, regular checking of your foot for changes to avoiding environments which causes fungal infections are just few of the things you should always be attentive in. More often numbness leads to failure to feel your feet even if there is an injury and checking them regularly will help a lot in ensuring that any injury or foot problem is attended to on time.