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What many people don’t know about poor or failure to control blood sugar can lead to the damage of various body parts such as vessels and nerves that run to the feet. This is the reason why many diabetic people often have foot problems. In order to reduce that risk and to ensure that blood circulates properly in your feet, you are advised to wear diabetic shoes and slippers since they have been specifically designed for you. In this article we will help you understand more about diabetic shoes and enable you make a decision whether to have them.
Foot Problems for Diabetic Patients
If you have high blood sugar then blood circulates poorly especially around the feet, hence, damaging your nerves. This condition is known as Neuropathy and it results in you not being able to feel your feet. In that event, if you injure or cut your foot then you may not know leading to infection if you fail to treat it. Sometimes, such infections and cuts may be hard to heal due to poor blood circulation in your feet.
Negative Impacts of Diabetes on your Foot
Your feet may have open sores, or calluses and others such as fungal infections, gangrene, corns, and bunions. This may damage your nerve hence changing your feet’s shape or end up developing hammertoe where your toe joints bend inwards. Poor circulation makes wounds take a long time to heal and if not well attended to then it may result in amputation. You are therefore advised to seek medical attention whenever you have foot issue and diabetic. Due to a change of a foot shape, your shoes may not fit anymore. In such a case, seek help from your doctor in getting diabetic shoes to ensure you are comfortable all the time.
11 Benefits of Diabetic Shoes
Best diabetic shoes have been designed in such a way that they distribute weight making you more stable. With comfortable inserts, it absorbs pressure hence reducing feet and leg fatigues and any tension so you can go on with your activities normally.
2. Increase circulation blood
With these kind of shoes, there is enough space for your feet and support, therefore, ensuring that blood circulates well. Due to numbness, blood clots and ulcers may occur since you cannot feel pain and poor circulation of blood. These shoes ensure that blood flows properly even when your feet are swollen since there is enough room to accommodate it. If not diabetic but have foot problems, you can wear ones with orthotic inserts. They have been well structured and designed to ensure that each patient can get a shoe with correct measurement.
3. Prevent nerve damage
Poor blood flow and incorrect foot wear often results to stress or nerve damage a condition known as neuropathy. Poor diet and failure to exercise causes numbness, therefore, restricting your nerves, hence, results to the swelling of the tendons and muscles. Severe cases may lead to amputation, thus, having diabetic shoes will greatly help to reduce this risk.
4. Reliefs pain
The quality of material used to make these shoes makes them help in relieving pain especially if your feet are swollen. It also supports your weight so you can walk comfortably in them for long time.
5. Prevents Calluses
Orthopedic shoes have a wider toe box which ensures that your feet and shoe top do not rub against each other, thus, preventing calluses and corns which may become open sores from developing.
6. Eradicates skin breakdown
Numbness is common in diabetic patients which may be dangerous especially when there is a cut involved leading to blood clot or ulcers. However, with these shoes special design, blisters and skin breakdown can be prevented.
With these shoes, your feet get the best posture, hence, boosting blood flow. You can wear them to work, when walking or sitting and not have any problems in blood flow. Good foot posture also ensures thatin case of an injury, white blood cells cannot be restricted to enable healing due to proper blood flow.
8. Prevents show shear
This is where the shoe goes a different way with the foot due to it being large or wide, hence, causing blisters. This may be problematic for a diabetic and worse if you have numbness. Diabetic shoes fits perfectly and reduces any chance of the foot with the shoe moving in a different direction.
9. Reducing foot problems
Diabetics often suffer from many foot damage. These problems include sores, bunions, blisters and corns which may cause infection. With diabetic shoes, these problems are prevented or reduced.
10. Good for other body parts
The kind of shoes you wear often has a direct impact on your back, thighs and calves. Your walking posture is determined by your feet movements which may positively or negatively impact your body. Diabetic shoes ensure that your feet are in a correct position.
Hammertoe is a common deformity among diabetics caused due to stress and nerve damage which causes the toes to curl inwards. It is often painful and uncomfortable. Diabetic shoe with orthotic inserts helps you feel comfortable by ensuring your foot is in the right posture, hence, mitigating it.
3 Types of diabetic shoes
For controlled diabetes and patients with no foot problems, then a fitting shoe is ideal for comfort. However, if you have foot problems, then there are various kinds of shoes you can pick such as:
- In-depth shoes
The in-depth of shoes are about 1/4 to1/2 deeper compared to ordinary shoes. The extra space allows you to put inserts if a necessity and can still allow your feet to fit well in case of calluses, therefore, making you feel comfortable.
- Healing shoes
In case of foot surgery or sores, these are the ideal shoes for you. They may be open or closed at toe point. However, closed shoes are recommended unless your doctor advises that you wear the open-toed ones.
- Custom made
They are made specifically to fit your feet in case of a deformity. All orthopedic shoes have been designed to make diabetic patients feel more comfortable although non-diabetic patients can also wear them.
Difference of diabetic shoes from ordinary shoes
Diabetic shoes have a wider and higher toe box to provide an extra space for your toes. Your toes won’t rub with the shoes or each other hence preventing blisters or hot spots which are hard to heal for diabetics. Extra space also allows you to walk and stand comfortably without hurting your toes even if numb.
The soles have stabilizers to keep your feet at level. They are also thick, thus, the feet are cushioned from wear and tear and wide to prevent hot spots.
They are deeper giving extra space for orthotics inserts to support arches or cushion heel.
What to consider when buying orthopedic shoes
-Shoes with inner seams – these makes your feet and shoe rubbing hence causing blisters which are not good for diabetics. The inner seams if present must be smooth.
-Slip-ons – these should be avoided since it is hard to adjust. As the day goes by, your feet swells, hence, such kind of shoes will not be good for you.
-Removable insole– it is important especially when you want to insert an orthotic which is good for your feet.
-Try before buying– trying it in the middle of the day when the feet are swollen is a good idea to get the correct size. This also helps you know your size before ordering online. Make sure to wear socks you plan to wear with the shoe when trying out.
-Measure your feet when trying new shoes since they may grow overtime.
-Space between the toes and shoe top – upto a ½ an inch space is recommended to accommodate your foot in case it swells.
-There must be enough room in the shoe and it must fit properly around the heels.
Tips for a healthy foot
-Trim toenails by cutting straight and across to avoid ingrown which may be harmful to your feet when wearing the shoe or warm socks for diabetics.
-Ensure to regularly check for ulcers, sores or calluses in your feet to be able to seek medical attention on time if need be.
-Never use sharp objects or razors when grooming your feet.
-In case of corns or calluses, use pumice stone or exfoliated foot scrub to smoothen them gently
-Use warm water when washing them for proper blood circulation. Also, buying a foot massager can help to improve blood circulation for healthy feet.
If you are diabetic, we advise that you get yourself a shoe as soon as possible without any hesitation to avoid suffering in silence. Shoes have been made every day to give solutions to emerging problems. Unlike old days when diabetic shoes seemed to be ugly, manufacturers have improved in design and have come up with shoes of different colors and styles. Depending on your taste, you will always get one that will be perfect for you. For non-diabetic people with foot problems, these shoes can help them have a better life.